Glacier National Park is a national park located in Montana. Covering 1,013,322 acres (4,101 sq km), it is across from Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada. The national park is part of the protected land encompassing 16,000 sq mi (41,000 sq km) that forms the "Crown of the Continent Ecosystem".
Glacier National Park covers an area of breathtaking beauty. The mountains here were formed some 170 million years ago. The many mountain lakes in the area were formed by glacial action which created the U-shaped valleys there.
Early humans living in the area date back to some 10,000 years ago. Their descendants include various Native American tribes such as the Salish, Flathead, Shoshone and Cheyenne tribes. The Blackfeet tribe arrived in the area only in the 18th century to inhabit the eastern slopes of the area. Today the Blackfeet Indian Reservation is on the eastern border of the park while the Flathead Indian Reservation is to the west and south of the park.
In 1897, the area became a forest reserve, and on 11 May, 1910, President William Howard Taft turned it into a national park. It joins Waterton Lakes National Park of Canada to form the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park, the world's first such park in 1932. Both parks were designated as Biosphere Reserves by the United Nations in 1976, and in 1995 were jointly inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Visiting Glacier National Park, MontanaThe Going-to-the-Sun Road is a scenic road through Glacier National Park. Built it 1932, it crosses the Continental Divide at Logan Pass. It got its name from Going-to-the-Sun Mountain which dominates the eastbound view after Logan Pass. Spanning 53 miles (85 km) the road itself was designated a National Historic Landmark and a Historic Civil Engineering Landmark.
The western entrance of the Going-to-the-Sun Road is off US Highway Route 2 near Kalispell, Whitefish and Cokumbia Falls, while the eastern entrance to the Going-to-the-Sun Road is off US Highway Route 89 at St Mary.
Although the Glacier National Park is open around the year, winter weather means that the Going-to-the-Sun Road as well as other visitor facilities may be closed from September through May.
Vehicle permit for entering the Glacier National Park is $25 from 1 May through 30 November and $15 from 1 December through 30 April. Permits are valid for 7 days. The park is fee-free on Martin Luther King Jr Birthday, National Park Week, First Day of Summer, Public Lands Day and Veteran's Day weekend.
Return to National Parks of the United States
Point - Click - Discover!Thanks for visiting this webpage. To continue exploring, choose another destination!
My World Travel Guides - celebrating a beautiful world beautifully.